NOAA: U.S. COOLER AND WETTER THAN AVERAGE IN OCTOBER;
OCTOBER GLOBAL TEMPERATURE 4TH WARMEST ON RECORD
the second consecutive month, temperatures across the continental
United States were cooler-than-average, according to scientists at
NOAA’s National Climatic Data Center in Asheville, N.C. Drought
conditions improved in some areas, but large parts of the nation remained
in moderate to extreme drought. October ranked as the12th wettest
October when compared with historical precipitation records for the
month. Meanwhile, the global temperature remained well above average
in October 2006 were below average across 24 states, concentrated
from the Rocky Mountains to the Great Lakes and into the Northeast,
while above-average temperatures occurred in only Texas and New
was the sixth warmest October on record in Alaska, with temperatures
6.8° F (3.8°C) above the 1971-2000 average. Despite the
October warmth, January through October was the coolest such year-to-date
period since 1999 for Alaska.
U.S. Precipitation Highlights
to much-above-average precipitation occurred across most of the
East Coast, eastern Great Lakes, Mississippi Valley and the Southwest
in October. Nationally, precipitation ranked 12th wettest in the
conditions across the Southwest and parts of the South during October
allowed for some improvement in drought in these regions. However,
severe-to-extreme drought remained across parts of Arizona, Oklahoma
to South Texas, areas of the northern High Plains, the northern
Rockies and northern Minnesota.
to the U.S. Drought Monitor, nearly 30 percent of the continental
U.S. was in moderate to exceptional drought by the end of October,
a decrease of approximately three percent since the end of September.
conditions across the far West contributed to the continuation of
a very active wildfire season. By early November, more than 9.4
million acres, mostly in the continental U.S., had burned since
the beginning of the year, according to the National Interagency
Fire Center. This exceeds the previous record for an entire year,
set in 2005 when 8.7 million acres burned, much of it in Alaska.
A major U.S. incident during October was the Esperanza fire in southern
California, which consumed over 40,000 acres and claimed five lives.
land- and ocean-surface temperatures brought the fourth warmest
October and tied the fifth warmest year-to-date period since records
began in 1880. October land surface temperatures were third warmest,
while ocean surface temperatures were fourth warmest in the 127-year
record. An El Niño episode began in September and continued
to intensify throughout October as ocean temperatures in the central
and eastern equatorial Pacific continued to warm.
2007 the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, an agency
of the U.S. Commerce Department, celebrates 200 years of science and
service to the nation. From the establishment of the Survey of the
Coast in 1807 by Thomas Jefferson to the formation of the Weather
Bureau and the Bureau of Commercial Fisheries in the 1870s, much of
America's scientific heritage is rooted in NOAA.
is dedicated to enhancing economic security and national safety through
the prediction and research of weather and climate-related events
and information service delivery for transportation, and by providing
environmental stewardship of our nation's coastal and marine resources.
Through the emerging Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS),
NOAA is working with its federal partners, more than 60 countries
and the European Commission to develop a global monitoring network
that is as integrated as the planet it observes, predicts and protects.
Complete information, including links to data, graphics and analysis,
is online at: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/oa/climate/research/2006/oct/oct06.html
Satellite and Information Service: http://www.nesdis.noaa.gov