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Contact: Delores Clark
News Releases 2003
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The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s (NOAA) National Weather Service (NWS) hurricane experts forecast two to three tropical cyclones are expected to occur within the central Pacific during the 2003 hurricane season. This is below the long term average of 4.5 tropical cyclones per season. NOAA is an agency of the U.S. Commerce Department.
Jim Weyman, director of NOAA’s National Weather Service Central Pacific Hurricane Center (CPHC), said the 2002 moderate El Niño episode is now nearly dissipated. “The outlook from NOAA’s Climate Prediction Center (CPC) indicates a cold event (La Niña) is much more likely to occur in sea surface temperatures in the tropical areas of the Pacific Ocean by this summer. This along with several other factors contributed to the forecast of below average number of tropical cyclones to affect the Central Pacific.”
The central Pacific covers an area north of the equator from 140° W to 180° W or the International Dateline. The hurricane season for the central Pacific officially begins June 1 and ends Nov. 30. Normally, 4.5 tropical cyclones – 1 hurricane, 2 tropical storms, and 1 tropical depression – occur each year in the central Pacific.
Fewer hurricanes in a year do not necessarily mean a lesser threat of disaster. To emphasize this point, the theme for this year’s hurricane awareness week is “It Only Takes One – Are You Prepared?” Weyman said. “It is not only the number of systems expected that’s important, but the track these tropical cyclones take. If one were to directly hit one of the Hawaiian Islands, there could be near total devastation.”
Weyman said the islands are also vulnerable to tropical storms and depressions. A slow-moving tropical storm or even tropical depression could dump heavy rains on the Islands, causing flooding and landslides as well as some localized wind damage.
During the week of May 12, Hawai’i weather and emergency officials conducted a realistic, state-wide hurricane drill, Makani Pahili, to exercise and test all of their equipment, procedures, plans and personnel in the event they are needed this year.
Weyman said, “In the event of a hurricane, public preparedness will mean the difference between a multitude of survivors or victims in Hawai’i.”
Gov. Linda Lingle signed a proclamation making Hawai’i a participant in the U.S. Hurricane Awareness Week (May 18-24), a collaboration between NOAA, the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), and storm-vulnerable states to increase preparedness and safety among residents.
Hurricanes forming in the Pacific Ocean can devastate small island areas, such as Hawai’i. In 1992, Hurricane Iniki, a powerful Category 4 storm, battered Hawai’i and left $2.4 billion in damages. Iniki was responsible for five deaths on Kauai and one death on Oahu. The next hurricane forming in the central Pacific will be named Ioke.
“Ultimately, it is each person’s responsibility to be prepared for a hurricane,” said Weyman. “Everyone should have an action plan in the event that a hurricane strikes. Every home should have a survival kit and everyone should take action when advised by civil defense.” The Central Pacific Hurricane Center issues forecasts, watches and warnings for the Hawaiian Islands to notify the public of hurricanes and tropical storms:
A hurricane watch or tropical storm watch means the threat of hurricane or tropical storm conditions exists for designated islands within 36 hours. Listen to NOAA Weather Radio, commercial radio or TV for the latest weather information.
hurricane warning or tropical storm warning
means hurricane or tropical storm conditions are expected to occur
for designated islands within 24 hours. Continue to listen to NOAA
Weather Radio, commercial radio, or TV for the latest weather
information. Be prepared to evacuate if advised to do so by civil
The Commerce Department’s National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) is dedicated to enhancing economic security and national safety through the prediction and research of weather and climate-related events and providing environmental stewardship of our nation’s coastal and marine resources.
On the Web:
NOAA National Weather Service: http://www.nws.noaa.gov
National Hurricane Center and National Hurricane Awareness Week information: http://www.nhc.noaa.gov
hurricane information: http://www.nws.noaa.gov/pr/hnl/cphc/pages/cphc.shtml